The four examples mentioned above are examples of al-Wilayat al-takwiniyyah. In Arabic the word Wilayat means authority, dominion, guardianship and supervision. Just as the parts of the body are normally subservient to the will of man that obey him and move to accomplish defined purposes, so is the universe subservient to the Will of God. No one, therefore, has the right to commit suicide, mutilate his body, paralyze his mental or physical faculties, or take up illegal occupations. The other alternatives-killing those prisoners, handing them back to the enemy, or setting them free to do as they please in the Islamic society were not only against the interests of Islam but it was also against reason.
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No one, therefore, has the right to commit suicide, mutilate his body, paralyze his mental or physical faculties, or take up illegal occupations. Alj is true regardless of who the two parties may be, whether they are men or women, older or younger, black or white. This is evident from the above-mentioned Quranic verse. That compared to others, the relatives of an individual have priority rights to his inheritance.
The following Quranic verse and Hadith indicate this fact:. God gave Moses a. It is, moreover, one of the pillars of the Wilayat of theFaqih. It is derived from theWilayat of the father and the paternal grandfather and is sanctioned subject to specific conditions and limitations.
The Meaning of Wilayat and Its Corollaries | Wilayat al-Faqih: its Meaning and Scope |
Secondly, the continuity of its existence is also dependent on the sacred Will of God: Basically, the Wilayat and wilaayat of such leaders as described above is implicit in the very essence of Islamic government.
This kind ofWilayat is subject to specific conditions and, as can be observed, its limits are very restricted. Here God wilaat given Abraham a. Wilayat is of two kinds: God gave Jesus a. In the Islamic Law, a father has full authority over the person and property of his underage children.
A careful study of Islamic laws and practical experiences of day-to-day life can reveal how the above mentioned principle works in individual cases.
The other alternatives-killing those prisoners, handing them back to the enemy, or setting them free to do as they please in the Islamic society were not only against the interests of Islam but it was also against reason. We leave the discussion of the other two aspects to some future occasion. In Mesopotamia, the environment was not suitable for any role of leadership. This is similar to the duty of a kind father to guide his children to perform their obligatory duties and stop them from committing forbidden acts.
The same is true of other government officials: The only exception to this general order is the voluntary activities of the human beings and other creatures possessing an independent will. The Wilayat of the trustees of public and personal endowments awqaf is also another form of Wilayat. We shall briefly discuss some of these forms here as follows.
And those who distribute blessings by His command.
Some times after he had been appointed as a prophet, God established him as Imam and leader of the people. Its applicability does not lie outside these three categories. This duty falls on the heirs according to the legal order of priority and no one has the right to interfere in this matter without their permission, unless the deceased has left no heir, or the heirs are absent.
The Meaning of Wilayat and Its Corollaries
All he could do was to put up a one-man resistance against idolatry, which was also not very fruitful. The Holy Quran states:. For example, it is not acquired in the same way as a man attains the physical ability to become a wrestler.
A discussion of this concept is relevant to clarify the subject at hand. All events, movements, pauses, and changes, from the movements of galaxies and planets to the invisible growth of seeds underground, the crawling of insects and the revolving of the electrons around the protons all take place according to His Will and design.
Some of these titles were Rasul messengerNabi prophetImam leaderHakim ruler and Wali, guardian. And according to the testimony of the Holy Quran and historical evidence, this was the kind of government established whenever any of the prophets of God succeeded in establishing a government.